CO-EVOLVE (Promoting the co-evolution of human activities and natural system for the development of sustainable coastal and maritime tourism) is an INTERREG MED 2016 project financially supported by the European Union. The project aims at analyzing and promoting the co-evolution of human activities and natural systems in touristic coastal areas, facing effects due to climate change and allowing sustainable development of touristic activities, in coexistence and synergy with other uses of the coastal and marine space and resources, based on the principles of ICZM/MSP. Through this approach all key challenges for sustainability of EU tourism (e.g. seasonality of demand, transport, minimizing resource use, community prosperity and quality of life, conserving and giving value to natural and cultural heritage) are faced and taken into account at MED scale and within more specific action plans on representative pilot areas.
The project is divided in two modules: 1-Studying and 2-Testing. The objective of the 1st module is to produce an unavailable analysis at MED scale of threats and enabling factors for sustainable tourism. The results of this analysis will be used as a base for the 2nd module, which will consist of local studies on representative Pilot Areas (in Kavalla-Alexandroupolis, Emilia-Romagna, Po Delta, Kastela Bay, Neretva Delta, Herault, and Valencia) to demonstrate through pilot actions the feasibility and effectiveness of an ICZM/MSP-based planning process. The coherence and cross-fertilization between the two modules should produce wide and long-lasting results. On one side, they will promote the development of policies and increase the co-ordination of strategies between territories at interregional and transnational level, addressing the sound use of national and EU funds. On the other side, they will produce concrete actions affecting the life of coastal communities living of tourism, promoting robust and transparent decision-making processes. Such actions will be systemic, ecosystem-based and dynamic, taking into account future scenarios of natural (i.e. climate change) and anthropogenic changes. This dynamic concept and perspective is the trademark of CO-EVOLVE. CO-EVOLVE recognizes as a key challenge for sustainable coastal and maritime tourism development the strengthening of co-operation among regions and the joint development and transferring of approaches, tools, guidelines and best practices.
Co-evolve pilot sites
PAP/RAC is involved in both modules of the project, and in each of its five work packages (WP). Though, its main involvement will be in WP 2, 3, 4 and 5.
In the framework of the WP2 ("Communication"), PAP/RAC is in charge of the organization of the Coast Day regional event in Split, Croatia, in September 2018. This event has two main objectives: first, it is an event which raises awareness of the importance of the Mediterranean coasts; and second, it is meant to promote ICZM as the best policy framework to achieve sustainable development of coastal areas. Organizing the Coast Day in the framework of CO-EVOLVE will allow the project to considerably increase its visibility.
The WP3 entitled "Studying" aims to get a clear understanding of the enabling factors for sustainable co-evolution in touristic areas, which is a prerequisite for a successful management of such areas. Such integrated understanding is presently unavailable. Key threats to and enabling factors for co-evolution will be analyzed at the Mediterranean scale by using adequate conceptual frameworks, based on existing studies and new analysis. Besides participating in the realisation of numerous reports and being in charge of the report on "Governance", PAP/RAC will be the task leader of the synthesis on all enabling factors.
In the WP4, the resulting analysis of WP3 will be replicated at a higher resolution on seven Pilot Areas, and will be complemented by an estimation of tourism sustainability in each Pilot Area, and by customising and applying the European Tourism Indicators System (ETIS) used to define the level of sustainability of tourism (baseline and target values) within the Programme. This will be used to produce tourism-driven action plans, based on the principles of ICZM/MSP, including an estimation of their benefits. The role of PAP/RAC will be to co-ordinate the preparation and organization of trainings in line with the results of WP3, as well as to play an advisory role in pilot areas.
The ICZM Process
Finally, PAP/RAC is the WP5 leader. WP5 aims at transferring the project results at two levels: the pilot/regional scale and at the Mediterranean scale. At the local/regional level the objective is to transfer the results of the analysis and demonstration actions beyond the immediate territorial and administrative limits of the pilot area. In order to extend the local impact of the project, efforts will be invested in strengthening co-operation within the regions where pilot areas are located. Transferability plans for the two levels will be prepared to guide concrete activities within the relevant administrative levels.
CO-EVOLVE general work plan: